LINEAR PARAMETRES OF MORPHOLOGICAL ELEMENTS OF DILL SEEDS AS INDICATORS OF HETEROGENEITY

  • Александр Фёдорович Бухаров All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Growing - a branch of the Federal Budget Scientific Institution "Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing"
  • Дмитрий Николаевич Балеев All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Growing - a branch of the Federal Budget Scientific Institution "Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing"
  • Мария Ивановна Иванова Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт овощеводства - ФГБНУ "Федеральный научный центр овощеводства"
  • Альмира Рахметовна Бухарова RGAZU
  • Федор Олегович Фефелов All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Growing - a branch of the Federal Budget Scientific Institution "Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing"
  • Олег Анатольевич Разин All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Growing - a branch of the Federal Budget Scientific Institution "Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing"
  • Анатолий Федорович Разин All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Growing - a branch of the Federal Budget Scientific Institution "Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing"
Keywords: dill, Anethum graveolens L, seed plant architectonics, seed structure, seed, endosperm, embryo

Abstract

The influence of the location of the umbel of dill (Centaurus variety) (Anethum graveolens L.) on the linear parameters of the seed was investigated. It was revealed that the average values of the dill seed length (3.85–3.43 mm), endosperm (3.37–2.99 mm) and the embryo (1.00–0.77 mm) varied significantly. Quality differences in the parameters of the morphological elements of the seed depended on both the architectonics of the seed plant and environmental conditions. The endosperm length averaged 88–89% of the seed length. The length of the embryo in the primary inflorescences was 26% of the length of the seed and 30% of the length of the endosperm; in secondary umbel - by 5 and 6% lower. The length of the seed and endosperm was mainly influenced by the environmental factor (P <0.001), and the length of the embryo  by the  matric factor (P <0.001). Correlation analysis showed that the effect of seed length on the length of the endosperm had a high positive dependence (r = 0.961 - 0.978). There is a weak correlation between the length of the embryo and the length of the seed, as well as between the length of the embryo and the length of the endosperm (r = 0.050–0.314 and 0.066–0.325, respectively).

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Author Biographies

Александр Фёдорович Бухаров, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Growing - a branch of the Federal Budget Scientific Institution "Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing"

doctor of agricultural sciences, chief researcher 

Дмитрий Николаевич Балеев, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Growing - a branch of the Federal Budget Scientific Institution "Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing"

candidate of agricultural sciences, senior researcher

Мария Ивановна Иванова, Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт овощеводства - ФГБНУ "Федеральный научный центр овощеводства"

 Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor of RAS,

Альмира Рахметовна Бухарова, RGAZU

Doctor of Agricultural Sciences,  professor, 

Федор Олегович Фефелов, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Growing - a branch of the Federal Budget Scientific Institution "Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing"

candidate of agricultural sciences, senior researcher

Олег Анатольевич Разин, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Growing - a branch of the Federal Budget Scientific Institution "Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing"

Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, a leading researcher 

Анатолий Федорович Разин, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable Growing - a branch of the Federal Budget Scientific Institution "Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing"

Doctor of Economics, Senior Researcher 

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Published
2018-11-08
Section
Естественные науки