MONOSACCHARIDE SPECTRUM OF ARABINOXYLANE FRACTION OF GRAIN WINTER RYE DIFFERENT GENOTYPES

  • Мира Леонидовна Пономарева Tatar Research Institute of Agriculture, FRC Kazan Scientific Center of RAS
  • Сергей Николаевич Пономарев Tatar Research Institute of Agriculture, FRC Kazan Scientific Center of RAS
  • Гульназ Сулеймановна Маннапова Tatar Research Institute of Agriculture – Subdivision of the Federal Research Center “Kazan Scientific Center of Russian Academy of Sciences”
  • Лилия Фирдависовна Гильмуллина Tatar Research Institute of Agriculture, FRC Kazan Scientific Center of RAS
Keywords: winter rye, monosaccharide, water extract, grain, meal, arabinoxylans

Abstract

The analysis of the content and monosaccharide composition of the rye meal carbohydrate fraction of different varieties was carried out using high-performance anion-exchange chromatography method. The dominant component was glucose, in approximately equal proportions arabinose, xylose and galactose were detected. Our research has established partial degradation of arabinoxylans and starch at the beginning of water extraction at a temperature of 30оC that as a result of the work of exo-enzymes rye grain. Water extracts of meal contain from 52 to 74% carbohydrates in oligo - and polymeric form. Based on the content of xylose monosaccharide, rye Ogonek, Podarok and Marusenka are characterized as low pentosan, and Tatarskaya 1, Radon and Pamyati Kunakbaev as highly pentosan (9-11 and 14-16 mg of xylose/ 1 ml of extract, respectively).

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Author Biographies

Мира Леонидовна Пономарева, Tatar Research Institute of Agriculture, FRC Kazan Scientific Center of RAS

Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor

Сергей Николаевич Пономарев, Tatar Research Institute of Agriculture, FRC Kazan Scientific Center of RAS

Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Chief Researcher

Гульназ Сулеймановна Маннапова, Tatar Research Institute of Agriculture – Subdivision of the Federal Research Center “Kazan Scientific Center of Russian Academy of Sciences”

Candidate of Agricultural Sciences

Лилия Фирдависовна Гильмуллина, Tatar Research Institute of Agriculture, FRC Kazan Scientific Center of RAS

Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Researcher

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Published
2018-12-10
Section
Естественные науки