Initial material of peas (pisum sativum l.) in conditions of Central Yakutia

  • Алексей Николаевич Неустроев Yakut Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture named after M.G. Safronov
  • Валентина Ивановна Алексеева Yakut Research and Development Institute of Agriculture. M.G. Safronov
Keywords: peas, selection, height, productivity

Abstract

The article presents the results of study the  varieties of peas  from the world collection of the N.I. Vavilov Research Institute of Plant Industry (VIR). It has been carried out to select the source material for creating variety  for single-phase harvesting and adapted to the conditions of Yakutia.  The height of the stem was measured during the maturation phase of the seeds. On this basis, 3 varieties Flagman 5, Flagman 9 and Kazanets are distinguished. A large number of beans in the plant is noted in varieties Flagman 5, Gubernator, Gousses; multiplicity at the nodes in  varieties Batrak and Gousses; high number of seeds in varieties Yamalsky 5, Flagman 9, Gubernator, Demos. High productivity was noted in varieties Flagman 7, Gubernator, Flagman 5, Flagman 9, Gousses, Omskiy 9. Shustrik, Multik, Madonna and Demon are less resistant (3 points)  to drought varieties, Flagman 7 and Flagman 9 are of high resistance (7 points), and 6 varieties are of average drought resistance (5 points).

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Author Biographies

Алексей Николаевич Неустроев, Yakut Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture named after M.G. Safronov

Researcher

Валентина Ивановна Алексеева, Yakut Research and Development Institute of Agriculture. M.G. Safronov

Candidate of Agricultural Sciences

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Published
2018-12-10
Section
Естественные науки