Biological potential and yield of millet varieties on chernozem of the steppe zone of the Saratov Right bank

  • Лариса Павловна Шевцова Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov
  • Анатлоий Федорович Дружкин Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov
  • Наталья Александровна Шьюрова Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov
  • Оксана Сергеевна Башинская Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov
  • Сергей Анатольевич Щукин Federal State Unitary Enterprise “Krasavskoe”
Keywords: experiment, structure elements, field germination, productive bushiness, hydrothermal coefficient

Abstract

Experimental material on the development of resource-saving technology millet of growing on the chernozem of the Samoilovka district of the Saratov Right Bank is presented. It has been established that the studied varieties of millet, depending on the prevailing conditions (temperature and humidity), differ markedly in terms of germination and their fullness.  The most  fullness of seeds has millet Zolotistoe, exceeding the performance of varieties Saratovskoe12 and Saratovskoe zheltoe by 5–6%. The greatest safety of the productive plant stand has millet Zolotistoe. Varieties Saratovskoe Zolotistoe and Zolotistoe have the highest grain yield. Each of the studied varieties is characterized by special biological properties and valuable economic characteristics, that allow combining them in crops with different terms and seeding rates in the conditions of the arid chernozem steppe zone of the Saratov Right Bank.

 

 

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Author Biographies

Лариса Павловна Шевцова, Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov

Doctor  of Agricultural Sciences

Анатлоий Федорович Дружкин, Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov

Doctor  of Agricultural Sciences

Наталья Александровна Шьюрова, Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov

Candidate of Agricultural Sciences

Оксана Сергеевна Башинская, Saratov State Agrarian University named after N.I. Vavilov

Candidate of Agricultural Sciences,

Сергей Анатольевич Щукин, Federal State Unitary Enterprise “Krasavskoe”

Economic Executive

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Published
2018-12-10
Section
Естественные науки